乐山沫若中学 高2012级1班
 
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
21. Young as he is , David has gained___ rich experience in ____society.
A.the;the B.a;不填 C.不填;不填 D.不填;the
22. The enlarged school campus is___ the old one.
A.as three times big as
B.three times as big as
C.bigger three times than                
D.as big as three times
23. ___excited us Chinese greatly that Liu Xiang, a Chinese, won the
Olympic champion of the 110-meter hurdle race.
A.What B.That C.It D.As
24. The tidal wave(海啸) killed___ people in South and Southeast Asia.
A.ten thousands
B.ten thousands of
C.tens of thousand
D.tens of thousands of
25. ____I'll wait for you to have dinner together. Be back as early as
possible.
A.However late it is
B.No matter how it is late
C.However it is late                     
D.No matter how late is it
26. Some laid-off workers delightedly took up the work to___ patients in
hospitals.
A.depend on B.take on C.look on D.wait on
27. ____from endless homework on weekends, the students now find their
own activities, such as taking a ride together to watch the sunrise.
A.Freed B.Freeing C.To free D.Having freed
28. Every year, when the peach blossoms are at their best, a festival____
at the Beijing Botanical Garden.
A.is held B.will be held C.held D.holds
29. They are just college graduates and don't realize____ to start and run
a company.
A.what takes it
B.what they take
C.what takes them
D.what it takes
30. __life pace continues to speed up, we are quickly losing the art of
enjoyment.
A.With B.When C.As D.While
31. Compared to ____in the office, Kate found it more exciting to work as a
teacher.
A.work B.having worked C.working D.be working
32. -I'm really tired out.
-So am I. We___ the discussion for nearly 2 hours.
A.had B.have C.are having D.have been having
33. Sales, of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s,
___people began to enjoy the advantages of this technology.
A.and B.when C.which D.because
34. You___ Bob at the meeting yesterday; he has been on holiday in Paris for
a week.
A.mustn't have seen
B.shouldn't see
C.can't have seen
D.couldn't see
35. Like some of my classmates. I cannot live up to my teachers' expectations; ____I let them down.
A.in other words
B.after all
C.what's more
D.more or less
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
One Starry Night
I will never forget that night: Sept 26,1996.
I pulled into my driveway after a busy day of school and baby sitting.
I still 36 to write a big chemistry paper.
There were many things on my mind.
At that time I was having many problems with my family and friends-and_37 I was in a very bad mood.
And was unhappy with_38 and the way that my life was going.
A major_39 I was struggling with was drug use.
For two years I had been smoking marijuana(大麻) and_40 it, but could not stop.
I did not let drugs_41 my grades orpersonality, but it made a(n)_42 in how I thought about myself.
I had always been a good kid and still tried to be, but drugs brought me_43.
I frequently thought about how drugs were not something I wanted as part of my life.
I wanted to_44 but I was scared to make the transition(改变).
I looked up at the sky as I got out of my_45.
The moon was covered by the earth's shadow in a lunar eclipse(月蚀).
The outer circle of the moon was exposed and gave off tiny beams of light, gleaming in all directions.
The sky was a dark, ink-black color_46 with millions of stars.
I stood outside in the cool fall air for what seemed a long time of heaven and_47.
The joy that I had not_48 for ages came ipon me.
I closed my eyes to decide if this dream could be_49.
I slowly opened my eyes and caught a shooting star fly over treetops.
Tears fell from my eyes and streamed down my cheeks.
I had_50 the true beauty of nature and God.
Those few_51 helped me find the_52 to change.
It was not easy to make the decision to stop using drugs.
It was even harder to_53 stop.
Quitting has given me hope and a reason to be_54 myself.
It has helped me grow_55 and more matured(成熟)
36.A.wanted B.had C.intended D.meant
37.A.therefore B.however C.then D.yet
38.A.my family B.my job C.my friends D.myself
39.A.problem B.subject C.topic D.challenge
40.A.liked B.got used to C.hated D.needed
41.A.damage B.harm C.lower D.Affect
42.A.difference B.change C.sense D.impression
43.A.down B.Away C.up D.Back
44.A.live B.change C.escapeD.Behave
45.A.house B.office C. school D.car
46.A.covered B.dotted C.crowded D.surrounded
47.A.sorrow B.sadness C.happiness D.regret
48.A.received B.tasted C.known D.felt
49.A.real B.practical C.useful D.helpful
50.A.caught B.seen C.guessed D.imagined
51.A.minutes B.stars C.thoughts D.nights
52.A.way B.courage C.chance D.solution
53.A.Actually B.simply C.gradually D.quickly
54.A.crazy about B.pleased with C.proud of D.confident in
55.A.wiser B.happier C.healthier D.stronger
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
People enjoy taking trips. But what are the reasons they leave home?
One reason is for education. People travel because they want to broaden their horizons to learn about other people and other places.
They are curious about other cultures.
When people are tourist, they get a quick look at different ways of living. Even a short look at another kind of lifestyle is an important lesson.
On a trip, a person can learn directly by visiting museums and historic spots. What does a tourist learn who sees the art museums, visits the historical places and other scenic spots in Paris and shops along the River Seine?
He gets a vivid picture, a real life of one of the French people.
He learns about their attitudes, how they feel about business, beauty and history.
What about the tourist who goes to Hong Kong?
Does he get the same information that he could get from a book?
He might read that Hong Kong is crowded, that there is less than 200 square meters of space for each person.
But seeing and feeling the lack of space will impress him much more.
He might read that there are nearly 200 vehicles for every kilometer of roadway.
But the sight of so many vehicles parked along the roadside would be a much more vivid lesson.
The tourist to Hong Kong will never forget the contrasts: the straight vertical lines of tall modern buildings and the moving lines of boats that people live in.
56. Why do people leave home to travel according to the passage?
A.For education.
B.For adventure.
C.To enjoy themselves.                  
D.To look for a different lifestyle.
57. What do we learn from the passage about Paris?
A.It has a dense population.
B.It has many towering buildings.
C.There are 200 vehicles for every kilometer of roadway.
D.There are many museums and palaces.
58. What impression will a tourist get of Hong Kong?
A.It has many big and beautiful parks.
B.It is a city of contrasts.
C.It possesses many historical sites.
D.It is an important industrial center.
59. What does the passage tell us about traveling?
A.It makes our life more interesting.
B.It enables us lo gel first hand knowledge.
C.It helps develop our personalities.
D.It brings about changes in our lifestyle.
B
Shanghai - shanghai officials are welcoming a new national water law that they say will help them protect the upper reaches of the Huangpu River and other ways in Shanghai.
The new law, which came into effect yesterday, updates a law enacted in 1988 that focused on supplying water to needy areas, but didn't pay a great deal of attention to environmental protection.
The previous law, for example, gave local authorities power over waterways in these areas, but didn't pay attention to the sources of those rivers and lakes.
So, Shanghai was responsible for cleaning and protecting the lower reaches of the Chang Jiang River but had no say in how the river's upper reaches, which feed into Shanghai-are main-_____ tained.
The new law will make it easier to control the amount of waste that ends up in local rivers and reduce inefficient use of waterways, said Zhang Jia-yi, director of the Shanghai Water Affairs Bureau, on the bureau's website commenting on law yesterday.
Zhang said the new law focuses on the efficient use of water sources and emphasizes the harmonious (和谐) development of China's population, its economy and environment.
Zhang also emphasizes the city will crack down on companies and individuals(个人) that pollute the city's water sources.
The bureau set up a special force to investigated(调查) water pollution in March.
So far this year, the bureau has punished more than 3 million in fines (罚款) on various polluters, Zhang said.
60. The best title for the news report should be___.
A.A New Law Is Bon                  
B.A New Water Law to Protect Rivers
C.It's Necessary to Protect the Rivers   
D.Make Full Use of Water Sources
61. The underlined phrase "crack down on" means
A.bring up carefully                      
B.speak highly of
C.deal with seriously                     
D.destroy completely
62. Which of the following is NOT true?
A.The law in 1998 is not suitable for the new requires.
B.The new law will stop waste being poured into the Chang Jiang River.
C.A lot of polluting units have been fined this year.
D.The new law and the old one are the same in protecting the environment.
63. We can infer from the passage ____.
A.the problem of protecting the water sources wasn't paid much attention to
B.no laws were carried out to manage the water sources in Shanghai
C.the new law mainly emphasizes how to make use of the water sources
D.companies of individuals that polluted the water sources didn't get fined
C
Our plan was to drive into Cambridge, catch the 7=34 train to Liverpool Street Station, then to separate and meet again for lunch.
We should have arrived at Liverpool at 9 =19, but due to a typical London fog, the train had to move along so slowly that it wasn't until 10=30 that it got there.
In spite of our late arrival, Joan, my wife's sister, decided that she would go to see the Grown Jewels in the Tower of London while we went shopping.
It was only after her sister had disappeared into the fog that my wife realized that we hadn't decided where we should meet for lunch.
Since I had our three tickets for the concert in my pocket, this was indeed a problem. There seemed to be nothing we could do except taking a taxi to the Tower of London.
and try to find her there. Needless to say, we didn't find her.
It was now one o'clock, and the concert began at 2!30.
"Perhaps she will think of wailing outside the concert hall." suggested my wife hopefully.
By this time the fog was so thick that road traffic had to stop, and the only way to get there was by underground railway.
Hand in hand we fell our way along the road to where we thought the nearest station should be.
An hour later we were still trying to find it.
Just as I was about to lose my temper completely when we met a blind man tapping his way confidently through the fog.
With his help we found Tower Hill tube station just fifty yards down the road.
By now ii was far too late even to try to get to the concert hall before the performance began at 2:30, so we decided to return lo Cambridge.
It took seven long hours instead of the usual two to make that journey.
Nor were we able to gel any food and drink on the train.
Tired and hungry we finally reached home at ten ,opening the door to the sound of the telephone bell.
It was Joan; she had seen the Grown Jewels, had managed lo get another ticket for concert, and had had a wonderful dinner at a restaurant near the hotel where she decided to stay for the night.
Now she was ringing to discover whether we had had an equally successful day.
64. Why was Joan separated from her sister and her brother-in law?
A.They could not sec each other because of the fog .
B.Joan had not seen Crown Jewels.
C.They planned lo do different tilings until lunch lime.
D.I he writer didn't want to go to llie concert.
65. What did the writer plan to do in the afternoon?
A.Go to the concert.
B.See the Grown Jewels.
C.Return to Cambridge.
D.Go shopping.
66. The reason why they didn't all meet for lunch was that___.
A.they lost their way in the fog
B.they forgot to make necessary arrangement
C.they waited at different places and didn't meet each other
D.the couple couldn't find the underground station
67. It's quite clear that for Joan the trip to London had been___.
A.spilt by the fog
B.quite tiring
C.rather disappointing.            
D.very enjoyable
D
To build a safer car, Japanese automakers are trying to replace the most accident-prone(易出故事的) part: the driver.
Inspired by statistics blaming human error for most accidents, Toyota and its competiors are designing "intelligent" cars that can almost drive themselves on the high way.
The systems are designed to reduce human tiredness and the mistakes that often result. This kind of support is what drivers need most in a country with some of the most crowded roads in the world.
That is why it should not be surprising that Japan is leading the race to make cars smarter.
To provide a safer ride, Japanese automakers are turning to technologies like laser radar(雷达) and machine vision to replace tired eyes and wondering minds.
An infrared(红外线的) radar unit fixed on the bumper is part of a new cruise (巡航) control method that Toyota introduced in August 1997.
It's now an optional feature on its Celsior luxury sedan that costs 70000 yen(US $ 648).
The "adaptive" system tracks the car ahead, and slows down or speed up the car automatically to keep a safer distance in highway traffic.
The same technology has also been used by some cars made by Toyota's competitors.
Subaru, a type of its Legacy wagon, made its first appearance last September with Active Driving Assist(ADA), which besides adjusting cruising speed, sounds an alarm if the car goes out of its lane or makes a turn too fast.
In the latter case, it down shifts gear even before the driver starts to brake.
An even smarter system is coming from Honda.
Called Honda Intelligent Driver Support (HIDS), it "sees" the road through a tiny camera on the windshield and helps steer the car down the middle of lane.
A computer picks out lines on the highway surface and touches the car's steering wheel in the right direction.
Honda got approval (批准) in March to start testing HIDS on the highway and says it will arrive in showrooms in the near future.
68 Why are Japanese automakers developing cars that can almost drive themselves opn the highway?
A.Because they want to win the car competition.
B.Because many accidents resulted from the mistakes made by drivers.
C.Because drivers are always tired when driving the car.
D.Because people don't want to drive the cars themselves.
69. What is the main purpose for the automakers to design the system of the new cars?
A.To make them run faster so that they can sell them at higher prices.
B.To make them keep to the lane without being controlled.
C.To help drivers make fewer mistakes so that accidents can be avoided.
D.To use some advanced devices like laser radar and machine vision.
70. We can infer from the passage that___.
A.accidents always occur in the crowded streets
B.traffic accidents are likely to happen when drivers are tired and careless
C.accidents happen because traffic rules are not obeyed
D.many accidents occur because there are no advanced systems
71. If you drive the car with HIDS, you will find___.
A.your car is always keeping the right direction
B.your car is slowed down or sped up automatically
C.your car is controlled by an infrared radar
D.you are always keeping a safer distance on the highway
E
The film starts out as a normal day at a typical American high school.
Friends chat in the dining room and boys play football.
But there' s a big surprise when the movie ends with two students going crazy in the school-shooting and killing people.
This is Elephant.
Filmed in just20days,it stars real school kids.
American director Gus Van Sam had no ready-made lines.
The student actors made up their own dialogue.
Van Sant asked them to base their characters on their own lives.
Although it may not sound very high quality, the film won the Plame d'Or(金棕榈奖) for Best Film and the award for Best Director al the Cannes film festival in France on May 25.
The film is based on the shooting at a high school in the US, where two boys killed 13 people and then themselves in 1999.
The title of the movie refers to the old expression about a problem that's as hard to ignore(忽视) as an elephant in the house.
The film takes a close look at a few hours in the lives of the victims and the killers.
It shows how high school is different experience for everyone-fun and friendly, or hard and lonely.
In many ways, the two boys, who carry cut the shooting, act like ordinary kids, they.
Joke around with one boy's mother as she serves them cakes and play the piano.
But, there are hints of the anger they feel inside.
One of the boys is bullied at school.
The other plays violent video games.
But Van Sant isn't blaming their killings on either bullying or violent games.
In fact, the film doesn't offer any reason why school violence happens.
"I didn't want to explain anything. It's up to the audience to draw its own conclusion, "said the 51-year-old director.
72. The description of a normal day in American high school in ihe beginning of the
film is intended to___.
A.show what life is like in American high school
B.tell that the film is set in an American high school
C.introduce the unexpected, dramatic ending of the film
D.suggest that some kind of danger is hidden
73. The lines of the film were ____.
A.created by student actors
B.given by the director
C.carefully designed by professional people
D.thought out by the director during the acting
74. The film doesn't tell why school shootings happen____.
A.because the mental problems of students are hard to explain
B.but there are some hints of the reasons
C.because life itself is the problem maker
D.because it leaves room for the audience to think and judge
75. The film is named Elephant because
A.an elephant is a symbol of big problems in American schools
B.an elephant is always gentle and never causes trouble
C.the two boys liked elephants when alive
D.elephant is used to suggest that the school crime is a big problem
答案
21.C[分析]此处experience表示"经验"而不是"经历";society一般用作不可数名词。
22.B[分析]此题考查倍数表达法。要始终记住把倍数词放在最前面。
23.C[分析]在句中作形式主语,真正的主语是that引导的从句。如果选择A项,应把原题改为"What excited us Chinese greatly was that…"。
24.D[分析]tens of thousands of是固定短语,意为"数万的"。
25.A[分析]相当于"No matter how late it is"。"no matter how/what/where/who/which…"等通常只用来引导状语从句;whatever/however/wherever/whoever/whichever等则可以引导状语、主语、宾语等从句。
26.D[分析]wait on/upon意为"服侍"。
27.A[分析]分词短语作状语,the students与 free之间是被动关系。
28.A[分析]考查时态和语态。根据 every year可知用一般现在时,此处还表示被动。
29.D[分析]what引导的从句作 realize的宾语,从句中 what又是 take的宾语。
30.A[分析]此处as表示"随着"。A项是介词而不是连词,应排除。
31.C[分析]compared to中to是介词。compared to/with表不"与……相比"。
32.D[分析]现在完成进行时表示从过去某个时间到现在一直在做某事。
33.B[分析]when引导的非限制性定语从句修饰先行词the early 1990s。
34.C[分析]"情态动词十have done"表示对过去情况的推测。mustn't不能表示推测。
35.A[分析]"换句话说"。
36.B[分析]由Still一词可知作者还"必须"写一篇化学论文。
37.A[分析]与前半句是因果关系。
38.D[分析]根据下文作者吸食毒品可知作者自怨自艾。
39.A[分析]吸毒品是一个大"问题"。
40.C[分析]根据后半句可知"憎恨"大麻。
41.D[分析]影响"学业和个性。其余三项不能同时修饰后面的两个名词。
42.A[分析]make a difference,表示"产生影响"。
43.A[分析]bring sb。down表示"击垮某人"。
44.B[分析]根据第M段最后一个单词可知。
45.D[分析]根据第一段第M句可知。
46.B[分析]dot意为"点缀",根据后面"the joy…"可知作者当时心情很愉快。其余三项多用于贬义。
47.C[分析]根据下一句可知。
48.D[分析]作者好久没有"感受"过这种快乐。
49.A[分析]作者怀疑这是一个"真实的"梦。
50.B[分析]根据前面叙述可知作者"目睹"了大自然之美。
51.A[分析]那短暂的几"分钟"时间让作者体会到了生命的快乐。
52.B[分析]改变自己需要的是"勇气",更何况作者下决心要戒掉毒品。
53.A[分析]戒掉毒品"的确"更加困难。
54.C[分析]作者为自己感到"自豪"。
55.D[分析]戒毒使作者更加"坚强",更加成熟。
56.A[分析]根据第一段第三句可知_
57.D[分析]根据文中"What does a tourist…in Paris…"一句可知。
58.B[分析]根据短文最后一句可知。
59.B[分析]身临其境自然可以掌握第一手知识。
60.B[分析]题目应具有高度的概括性、强烈的针对性和一定的醒目性。A项过于笼统,最后两项以偏概全。
61.C[分析]根据前面叙述可知将"严惩"污染城市的公司和个人。
62.D[分析]根据第M段可知。
63.A[分析]根根最后一段可知付大行迎相当严示
64.C[分析]根据第一段"In spite of…we went shopping."可知。
65.A[分析]解答此题的关键是题干中的in the afternoon,根据第二段第一句"…the concert began at 2:30."可知。
66.B[分析]It was only after…for lunch."可知。
67.D[分析]根据第三段最后两句可知Joan玩得很开心。
68.B[分析]根据前两段可知。
69.C[分析]根据第三段第一句可知。
70.B[分析]根据第四段"…to replace tired eyes and wandering minds."可推测司机疲劳和精力不集中时可能会发生事故。
71.A[分析]根据倒数第二段可知。其余三项排与HIDS 无关。
72.D[分析]根据下文中的校园悲剧可推测预示着某种潜在的危险。
73.A[分析]根据纳三段最后两句可知。题干中line意为"台词"。
74.D[分析]根据最后一段可知。
75.D[分析]根据短文中间部分"The title…in the house."可知。

 





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