乐山沫若中学 高2012级1班
 
2005年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
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第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
21. It is often said that___ teachers have___ very easy life.
A.不填;不填B.不填;a C.the;不填 D.the;a
22. -Somebody wants, you on the telephone.
-___ no one knows I'm here.
A.Tor B.And C.But D.So
23. This____ girl is Linda's cousin.
A.pretty little Spanish
B.Spanish little pretty
C.Spanish pretty little
D.little pretty Spanish
24. He___ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15.
A.has learned
B.would have learned
C.learned
D.had learned
25. It's the present situation in poor areas that___ much higher spending on education and training.
A.answers for B.provides for C.calls for D.plans for
26. He___ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn't be enjoying himself by the seaside.
A.should B.must C.wouldn't D.can't
27. Scientists think that the continents____ always where they____ today.
A.aren't;are B.aren't; were C.weren't;are D.weren't;were
28. It's necessary to be prepared for a job interview, ___the answers ready will be of great help.
A.To have had B.Having had C.Have D.Having
29. As soon as he comes back, I'll tell him when___ and see him.
A.you will come
B.will you come
C.you come
D.do you come
30. When asked by the police, he said that he remembered___ at the party, but not___.
A.to arrive;leaving
B.to arrive;to leave
C.arriving;leaving
D.arriving;to leave
31. -Why did you leave that position?
-I____a better position at IBM.
A.offer B.offered C.am offered D.was offered
32. The prize of the game show is $ 30 000 and an all expenses___ vacation to China.
A.paying B.paid C.to be paid D.being paid
33. I'd like to arrive 20 minutes early___ I can have time for a cup of tea.
A.as soon as B.as a result C.in case D.so that
34. I couldn't do my homework with all that noise___.
A.going on B.goes on C.went on D.to go on
35. -Why does she always ask you for help?
-There is no one else ____, is there?
A.who to turn to
B.she can turn to
C.for whom to turn
D.for her to turn
第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Dear Laura,
I just heard you tell an old story of gift giving and unselfish love in your program. You doubted that such unselfish love would happen in today's world. Well, I'm here to give you_36
I wanted to do something very_37 for my fifteen-year-old son, who has always been the perfect child.
He_38 all summer to earn enough money to buy a used motorcycle.
Then, he spent hours and hours on it 39 it looked almost new.
I was so_40 of him that I bought him the shiniest helmet and a riding outfit.
I could_41 wait for him to open up his gift.
In fact, I barely slept the night before. Upon awakening, I went to the kitchen to   42 the coffee, tea, and morning goodies.
In the living room was a beautiful keyboard with a_43; "To my wonderful mother, all my love, your son."
I was so_44.
It had been a long-standing joke in our family that I wanted a piano so that I could_45 lessons.
"Learn to play the piano, and I'll get you one" was my husband's_46.
I stood there shocked, crying a river, asking myself how my son could_47 this expensive gift.                                   ''                                        Of course, the_48 awoke, and my son was thrilled(激动的) with my reaction.
Many kisses were_49, and I immediately wanted him to_50 my gift.
As he saw the helmet and outfit, the look on his face was not_51 what I was expecting.
Then I_52 that he had sold the motorcycle to get me the keyboard.
Of course I was the proudest mother_53 on that day, and my feet never hit the ground for a month.
So I wanted you to know, that kind of love still_54 and lives even in the ever-changing world of me, me, me!
I thought you'd love to_55 this story.
Yours, Hilary
P.S. The next day, my husband and I bought him a new "used" already shiny motorcycle.
36.A.hope B.advice C.support D.courage
37.A.polite B.similar C.special D.private
38.A.played B.studied C.traveled D.worked
39.A.after B.before C.unless D.until
40.A.sure B.fond C.proud D.confident
41.A.perhaps B.really C.almost D.hardly
42.A.start B.cook C.set D.serve
43.A.note B.notice C.word D.sign
44.A.disturbed B.confused C.astonished D.inspired
45.A.give B.take C.draw D.teach9
46.A.reason B.request C.comment D.response
47.A.present В.afford C.find D.order
48.A.neighbor B.building C.home D.house
49.A.exchanged B.experienced C.expected D.exhibited
50.A.tear B.open C.check D.receive
51.A.purely B.basically C.obviously D.exactly
52.A.realized B.remembered C.imagined D.supposed
53.A.only B.still C.ever D.even
54.A.works B.exists C.matters D.counts
55.A.send B.publish C.share D.write
第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
А Chances
I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the job.
I also think my work is important.
There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career(职业).
I wasn't an excellent student because I didn't do much schoolwork.
In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn't have much to offer.
I just accepted that I wasn' t the type to have a career.
I then found myself a Job, looking after two little girls.
It wasn't too bad at first.
But the problems began when I agreed to live in, so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening.
We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she'd give me time off the next.
But unfortunately, it didn't often work out.
I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children.
One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me.
I told her about my situation.
She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification(资格证书) if I wanted to work with children.
I didn't think I would be accepted because I didn't take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful.
My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course.
I had to leave my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten.
Now I've got a full-time job there.
I shall always be thankful to Megan.
I wish I had known earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren't top of the class at school.
56. What is the author's present job?
A.Working part-time in a college.
B.Taking care of children for a family.
C.Helping children with their schoolwork.
D.Looking after children at a kindergarten.
57. When staying with the two girls' family, the author___.
A.was paid for extra work
B.often worked long hours
C.got much help from her boss
D.took a day off every other week
58. Why did the author leave her first job?
A.She found a full-time job.
B.She was fed up with children.
C.She decided to attend a part-time course.
D.She needed a rest after working extra hours.
59. What has the author learned from her own experiences?
A.Less successful students can still have a career.
B.Qualifications are necessary for a career.
C.Hard work makes an excellent student.
D.One must choose the job she likes.
B
Good tool design is important in the prevention of overuse injuries.
Well-designed tools and equipment will require less force to operate them and prevent awkward(别扭的) hand positions.
They will allow the worker to keep the elbows(肘) next to the body to prevent damage to the shoulder and arm.
Overuse injuries can therefore be prevented or reduced if the employer provides, and workers use:
●power tools rather than having to use muscle(肌肉) power
●tools with specially designed handles that allow the wrist(手腕) to keep straight(See Figure 1).
This means that hands and wrists are kept in the same position as they would be if they were hanging relaxed at a person’s side
●tools with handles that can be held comfortably by the whole hand.
This means having a selection of sizes—remember that tools that provide a comfortable firm hold for a person with a very large hand may be awkward for someone with a very small hand.
This is a particularly important consideration for women who may use tools originally designed for men
●tools that do not press fingers(or flesh) between the handles, and whose handles do not have sharp edges or a small surface area.
60. What is the best title for the passage?
A.Good Tool Design for Women.
B.Importance of Good Tool Design.
C.Tool Design and Prevention of Injuries.
D.Overuse of Tools and Worker Protection.
61. Which of the following describes a well-designed tool?
A.It's kept close to the body.
B.It fully uses muscle power.
C.It makes users feel relaxed.
D.It's operated with less force.
62. What is Figure 1 used to show?
A.The effective use of the tool.
B.The way of operating the tool.
C.The proper design of the handle.
D.The purpose of bending the wrist.
63. In choosing tools for women. ___of the handle is the most important.
A.the size B.the edge C.the shape D. the position
C
How could we possibly think that keeping animals in cages in unnatural environments — mostly for entertainment purposes—is fair and respectful?
Zoo officials say they are concerned about animals.
However, most zoos remain "collections" of interesting "things" rather than protective habitats (栖息地).
Zoos teach people that it is acceptable to keep animals bored, lonely, and tar from their natural homes.
Zoos claim (声称) to educate people and save endangered species (物种), but visitors leave zoos without having learned anything meaningful about the animals' natural behavior, intelligence, or beauty.
Zoos keep animals in small spaces or cages, and most signs only mention the species' name, diet, and natural range (分布区).
The animals' normal behavior is seldom noticed because zoos don't usually take care of the animals' natural needs.
The animals are kept together in small spaces, with no privacy and little opportunity for mental and physical exercise.
This results in unusual and self-destructive behavior called zoochosis.
A worldwide study of zoos found that zoochosis is common among animals kept in small spaces or cages.
Another study showed that elephants spend 22 percent of their time making repeated head movements or biting cage bars, and bears spend 30 percent of their time walking back and forth, a sign of unhappiness and pain.
Furthermore, most animals in zoos are not endangered.
Captive breeding (圈养繁殖) of endangered big cats, Asian elephants, and other species has not resulted in their being sent back to the wild.
Zoos talk a lot about their captive breeding programs because they do not want people to worry about a species dying out.
In fact, baby animals also attract a lot of paying customers.
Haven't we seen enough competitions to name baby animals?
Actually, we will save endangered species only if we save their habitats and put an end to the reasons people kill them.
Instead of supporting zoos, we should support groups that work to protect animals' natural habitats.
64. How would the author describe the animals' life in zoos?
A.Dangerous. B.Unhappy. C.Natural. D.Easy.
65. In the state of zoochosis, animals___.
A.remain in cages
B.behave strangely
C.attack other animals
D.enjoy moving around
66. What does the author try to argue in the passage?
A.Zoos are not worth the public support.
B.Zoos fail in their attempt to save animals.
C.Zoos should treat animals as human beings.
D.Zoos use animals as a means of entertainment.
67. The author tries to persuade readers to accept his argument mainly by___.
A.pointing out the faults in what zoos do
B.using evidence he has collected at zoos.
C.questioning the way animals are protected
D.discussing the advantages of natural habitats
68. Although he argues against zoos, the author would still agree that ____.
A.zoos have to keep animals in small cages
B.most animals in zoos are endangered species
C.some endangered animals are reproduced in zoos
D. it's acceptable to keep animals away from their habitats
D
Language as a System of Symbols
Of all systems of symbols(符号), language is the most highly developed.
It has been pointed out that human beings, by agreement, can make anything stand for anything.
Human beings have agreed, in the course of centuries of mutual (相互的) dependency, to let the various noises that they can produce with their lungs, throats, tongues, teeth, and lips systematically stand for certain happenings in their nervous systems.
We call that system of agreements language.
There is no necessary connection between the symbol and that which it stands for.
Just as social positions can be symbolized by feathers worn on the head, by gold on the watch chain, or by a thousand other things according to the culture we live in, so the fact of being hungry can be symbolized by a thousand different noises according to the culture we live in.
However obvious these facts may appear at first glance, they are actually not so obvious as they seem except when we take special pains to think about the subject.
Symbols and the things they stand for are independent of each other, yet we all have a way of feeling as if, and sometimes acting as if, there were necessary connections.
For example, there are people who feel that foreign languages are unreasonable by nature: foreigners have such funny names for things, and why can't they call things by their right names?
This feeling exhibits itself most strongly in those English and American tourists who seem to believe that they can make the natives of any country understand English if they shout loud enough.
Like the little boy who is reported to have said:
"Pigs are called pigs because they are such dirty animals, "they feel that the symbol is inherently (内在地) connected in some way with the things symbolized.
69. Language is a highly developed system of symbols because human beings ____.
A.have made use of language for centuries
B.use our nervous systems to support language
C.have made various noises stand for any events
D.can make anything stand for anything by agreement
70. What can we conclude from Paragraph 2?
A.Different noises may mean different things.
B.Our culture determines what a symbol stands for.
C.The language we use symbolizes our social positions.
D.Our social positions determine the way we are dressed.
71. In Paragraph 3 ."take special pains "probably means"___".
A.try very hard
B.take our time
C.are very unhappy
D.feel especially painful
72. The example of the little boy is used to show that ____.
A.adults often learn from their young
B."pig" is a dirty word because pigs are dirty
C.words are not connected with the things they stand for
D.people sometimes have wrong ideas about how language works
E
①Bram-injured boy set for £ 1. 75m payout
A YOUNGSTER who was knocked off his tricycle by a taxi and left with a serious brain injury is set to be awarded $l. 75 million.
Fourteen-year-old George Currie, from Dalkeith, was living in County Durham with his parents Allister and Paula at the time of the accident in September 1993.
George, who was then three years old, was riding his small tricycle along the pavement when he lost control and swerved on to the road into the path of an on—coming taxi.
The driver's insurance company has now accepted responsibility for the accident and New Castle County Court is expected to rule on the payout on Monday.
TOP 10 Florida counties with the most accidents in 2004:
1. Monroe(98)
2. Palm Beach(65)
3.Pinellas(64)
4. Broward(59)
5. Miami-Dade(54)
6.0kaloosa(34)
7.0rangc(24)
8.Bay(22)
9.Lee(2l)
10. Collier(21)
②Boating accidents reduce
Lee and Collier counties tied al No, 10 for boating accidents in Florida in 2004, an improvement for both.
But because the counties remained in the top 10 among Florida’s 67 counties, safety continues to be a concern, officials said.
③Teens react to new law on driving permit
Lawmakers may hope to make teenage drivers drive more safely, but some local teens behind the wheel feel angry following the passing of Senate Bill 36 last week.
SB 36 is a law that limits times new teen drivers can drive and the number of passengers they can carry.
④Road accidents take costly toll
Traffic accidents kill more than one million people each year, injure tens of millions more and cost developing countries twice as much as they receive in international aid, the leader of research body said Wednesday.
The figures have led experts to form an international road safety network to choose the most important research areas, inform policy makers and help develop ways to prevent accidents, particularly in poor nations.

pavement:人行道
swerve:突然转向
insurance:保险
73. What does Passage①tell us about the boy?
A.He was injured in the head when he was 14.
B.He has waited for the payout for a long time.
C.He has lived in the same place since the accident.
D.He was run over by a taxi when riding on the pavement.
74. What can we learn about Lee and Collier counties from Passage②?
A.They both became safe places.
B.They won the same place in a race.
C.They had the same number of accidents.
D.They joined hands in reducing accidents.
75. Which passage would give more information on the prevention of road accidents?
A.① B.② C.③ D.④
答案
21.B
22.C[分析]回答中含有明显的转折语气。
23.A[分析]形容词排列顺序;描叙性形容词+大小数量性形容词+属性形容词+名词。
24.D[分析]一般过去式描述的是过去的事实。
25.C[分析]A为回答,B为提供,C为呼吁,D为计划。
26.B[分析]句中语气极为肯定。
27.C
28.D
29.A
30.C[分析]remember接不定式to意思为to后的动作将要实行,接名词-ing意思为这个动作已完成,题中两个动作都是过去已完成的动作,所以应为-ing。
31.D[分析]offer为提供,显然I是被IBM提供了工作。
32.B[分析]paid是指已付费的意思。
33.D
34.A[分析]with指伴随状态。
35.B[分析]one后带的定语从句省略了先行词who/whom。
36.A[分析]Laura怀疑今天的世界是否还存在无私的爱,Hilary写这封信的目的就是想告诉她这个世界有无私的爱,给她希望hope.
37.C
38.D
39.D
40.C[分析]be proud of为……感到骄傲,文中母亲为儿子感到骄傲。
41.D
42.A
43.A
44.C[分析]astonish惊喜。
45.B[分析]take lessons上课,学习。
46.D
47.B
48.D
49.A
50.B
51.D
52.A[分析]realize意识到……。
53.C
54.B[分析]exist存在。
55.C[分析]share分享。
56.D[分析]文中最后一段的第一句话Now I’ve got a full-time job there, “there”是指上一段的“a kindergarten”。
57.B[分析]第三段的最后一句because I had too many late nights and early morning with children。
58.C[分析]第四段的最后两句I got on a part-time course, so I have to leave my job。
59.A[分析]文中前两段写到由于她功课不好她便认为自己不会有份职业或事业,但通过她的工作经历,她得出结论:即使你在学校不是一个高才生,你也可以有份职业。注意career和job的区别,job是指一份具体的工作,而career是指一个人终生为之奋斗的事业。
60.C
61.D[分析]文中的第二句Well-designed tools and equipment will require less force to operate them。
62.C[分析]图的上一段就说明了列图的目的。
63.A[分析]最后的第二段说“size”is a particularly important consideration for women。
64.B[分析]其他三个都不是对,动物在动物园的生活是“are not endangered”和“unnatural”,动物被关在小笼子里,没有自由,所以是“unhappy”。
65.B[分析]第四段作者举了大象行为怪异的例子来解释zoochosis。
66.A[分析]文中最后一句“instead of supporting zoos”表明作者的观点。
67.A[分析]作者通过指出动物园的错误做法来证明自己的观点。
68.C[分析]最后第二段中说到圈卷繁殖可以保护濒临动物。
69.D[分析]第一句和第二句。
70.B[分析]符号和它的意思之间并没有必要的联系,只有文化才能决定它代表的意思。
71.A[分析]try very hard非常努力的,由于大家普遍认为符号和事物之间存在着必要的联系,只有深入的思考才能发现其实符号和事物之间并没有联系。
72.D[分析]little boy的这个例子说明了有人认为符号是事物与生俱有的。
73.B[分析]the boy被撞时是三岁,得到赔偿时是十四岁,他为这笔赔偿金等了很长一段时间。
74.C[分析]Lee是Collier这两个郡的事故数都是21,同列第10名。
75.D[分析]④主要就是讲“the prevention of road accidents”。


 





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